Innovation saved Israel from its water crisis, and it has a great potential to alleviate China's ongoing water crisis as well.
The last 40 years of China's economic development seem like a miracle. From one of the poorest countries in the world, it became one of the two largest world economies. Unfortunately, this massive development is accompanied by severe environmental implications. Among these, the implications for China's water resources are prominent.
Water consumption has dramatically increased in agriculture, industry, and energy production. In many cases, this water use is highly inefficient. Besides the inefficient use of water, China's water resources suffer severe contamination caused by wastewater discharged to them, as well as by fertilizers. Nowadays, an extensive part of China's freshwater resources is highly polluted.
Israel also suffered for many years from water scarcity. There are not many water resources in it and its precipitation rate is poor. The Israeli population increased rapidly over the years, and its prospect looked gloomy. Over the years, Israel harnessed its innovation to come up with technology to handle the situation. Nowadays it seems that the water crisis is no longer an acute problem. Plenty of Israeli companies with outstanding technologies can help China with its ongoing water crisis in various fields.
Seawater Desalination 海水淡化
China’s east coast substantially suffers from the national water crisis. China naturally turned to the seawater desalination solution. However, the situation is still far from what China hopes for. The last 5-year plan calls for large-scale utilization of seawater desalination and for ensuring the safety of water resources in coastal areas.
Seawater desalination is probably a game-changing technology for Israel's water crisis. Nowadays, about 80% of the drinking water in Israel is desalinated seawater. From catchy slogans like " Save every drop", Israel became a country with plenty of freshwater. Now Israel takes its success in this field to assist other countries with their water scarcity.
AST is a leading Israeli company in water treatment. Their special technology "ROTEC FR-RO" reverse osmosis system can reach 90-98% recovery rate in one pass RO system, but in a low operation cost. Their technology can be used in power plant, coal chemical industry, agriculture irrigation water, sea water desalination, and in-take water treatment for drinking water and so on...The company operates all over the world including China.
The Israeli company IDE Technologies is one of the world's top companies in seawater desalination. IDE Technologies accounts for constructing 3 seawater desalination plants in Israel, and for constructing about 400 plants around the world. The biggest Seawater desalination plant in China, located in Tianjin was constructed by IDE Technologies. IDE Technologies will keep its operations in China and has great capabilities for helping China achieve its water desalination goals.
以色列IDE Technologies公司是世界顶级海水淡化公司之一。该公司在以色列建造了3个海水淡化厂，并在世界各地建造了约400个淡化厂。中国最大的海水淡化厂坐落于天津，正是由该公司建造。IDE Technologies会继续在中国开展业务，并且运用其专业能力助力中国实现海水淡化目标。
Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation 废水处理及再生回用
China's Wastewater treatment plant's capacity and the water quality of them consistently improved over the last 40 years. However, Rural China's wastewater treatment infrastructure is still relatively underdeveloped. Furthermore, only 11–15% of China's wastewater is reacclimated. China is aiming to face these challenges, in addition to its efforts to expand the existing wastewater treatment infrastructure.
The Wastewater treatment industry in Israel is experienced, developed, and capable of Israel's wastewater needs. The rate of wastewater reuse in Israel is about to 86%, leading the world in wastewater reclamation. AST and IDE Technologies leading the Israel Wastewater treatment and reclamation industries as well. They can be significant for achieving China's goals in this field either.
Water and Fertilizer Saving Technologies 节水省肥技术
Irrigation for agriculture takes over 60% of China's water use. Most of China's irrigation is highly inefficient as only about 45% of the water is used directly by the crops. Another reason for the waste of water in the agriculture sector is that lots of irrigation systems are old and leaking. The Israeli companies A.R.I. and Bermad produce Smart valves for water pressure monitoring. Their technologies are highly valuable for water monitoring as well as for reduction of damage to water systems. Netafim is a leading Israeli company with a variety of products for precise efficient irrigation.
The agriculture sector in China is also aiming to reduce its use of polluting fertilizer. Using an excessive amount of fertilizer pollutes China's water resources as well as causes degradation of land fertility. The use of smart technology to monitor the precise amount of needed fertilizer as well as the use of more sustainable fertilization are measure China pushes for. ICL is an experienced Israeli company creating a variety of sustainable solutions that can meet these needs.
A stunning Israeli technology to finish with is Watergen's solution: produce drinking water from the air. This outstanding technology can guarantee fresh drinking water for the citizens of China as well as for the citizens of the rest of the world.
Max Kaplan-Zantopp. (2022). How Israel used innovation to beat its water crisis
Ministry of Finance. (2020). Background - Seawater Desalination in Israel
Ministry of Water Resources, People's Republic of China. Irrigation and Drainage in China
Rogier et al. (2021). Translation: 14th Five-Year Plan for National Informatization – Dec. 2021
Tin Siao Soh. (2018). China's 13th Five Year Plan: What Role Will Wastewater Play?
World Bank. (2018). A new era of water governance in China
Xu et al. (2020). Towards the new era of wastewater treatment of China: Development history, current status, and future directions
Zhu et al. (2019). Seawater desalination in China: an overview
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